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Enhanced Entomological Surveillance (EES)

Entomological surveillance, as defined by the WHO Global Vector Control Response (GVCR), is the “regular and systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of entomological data for risk assessment, planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of vector control interventions” in areas of ongoing transmission and where transmission has been interrupted. In Uganda, increasing reports of insecticide resistance especially to pyrethroids (insecticides used on LLINs) in several malaria vector populations threatens progress made in malaria control. Recent experiences with the resurgence of malaria in Northern Uganda, specifically highlight the fragility of gains made, calling for routine and vigilant surveillance. As the burden of malaria declines in several parts of the country, the threat of epidemics becomes more pronounced. It is therefore imperative to monitor the impact of control interventions on malaria vector densities, species composition, seasonal vector variations, malaria sporozoite infection, vector behavior as well as the development of insecticide resistance, to generate evidence for efficient malaria vector control. Enhanced entomological surveillance will evaluate the impact of deployed interventions on malaria vectors and generate data instrumental for improving our risk assessment of malaria transmission, planning for tailored intervention deployment, monitoring, and evaluation of vector control intervention efficacy.

Enhanced Entomological Surveillance (EES) is a USAID/PMI funded project to conduct entomological surveillance for 3 years in the 7 districts of Koboko, Moyo, Adjumani, Kasese, Jinja, Busia and Mubende. This project is led by Prof. Moses Kamya (Principal Investigator) providing overall leadership, project oversight, engagement of key collaborators and strategic decision-making. The Principal Investigator is supported by a team of co-investigators and a project implementation team.

Objectives of EES are:
  1. To examine the impact of vector control interventions on malaria vector densities, vector behavior and species composition,
  2. To monitor the status and intensity of insecticide resistance in local malaria vector populations,
  3. To establish the entomological inoculation rate in malaria vector populations and
  4. To build the capacity of selected districts to conduct entomological surveillance monitoring.
The study protocol & all results of the baseline survey have been published